Uniforms & History

Platoon Guide: Panzer IV

Originally designed as a troop support tank, its role was to be reconfigured with the need to replace the Panzer III, after facing the Soviet T-34. The Panzer IV was…

History: Egyptian Chariots

Introduction Chariots developed out of earlier vehicles mounted on disk or cross-bar wheels, with the origin traced to the Near East, where spoke-wheeled and horse-drawn ‘true’ chariots are first estimated…

Fury – An Interview with the Heroes

Decorated World War II veteran Paul Andert, consultant on the imminent Hollywood movie ‘Fury’, shares some genuine stories about the realities of war. With the forthcoming release of our ‘Armoured…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 5

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman concludes his series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at the hands…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 4

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman continues his series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at the hands…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 3

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman continues his series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at the hands…

Platoon Guide: Cruiser Tank MkVIII Cromwell

History It is said that knowing is half the battle – and in war that responsibility falls on the reconnaissance units. During World War II if British Armoured formations needed…

Focus: British Anti-tank Weaponry

As German engineering churned-out ever more advanced war machines – bigger tanks with more powerful guns and thicker sloped armour – the British facing the big cats needed to continuously…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 2 – AMORITE ARMIES

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman continues his series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at the hands…

Armour in Focus: Panther Ausf A

With the Tiger I tank being the king of the battlefield, and the Tiger II being the god of it by the end of the war, the Panther tank was…

Platoon Guide: Panther Ausf A

History The Panther was the main battle tank of the German army and was one of the best all round tanks of the war. Sharing the same engine of the…

History: French Light Infantry

At the outbreak of the Napoleonic wars the French light infantry was the finest in Europe. They could best the fierce obedience of the Germans and Dutch with their high…

Tank War: Profile – Alfredo Carpaneto 

While we were writing the ‘Tank War’ book, I did some research into Italian tank crew in WWII as, being Italian, I wanted to add an Italian tank ace to…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 1 – The Rise of Babylon

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman returns with a new series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at…

Focus: US Anti-tank Weaponry

With Tank War now making it’s way into the hands of eager Bolt Action players around the world and all these tanks rumbling around, we thought it was high time…

Armour in Focus: T-34/85 – Might of the Motherland

The Soviet T-34 series was unsurprisingly the mainstay of the Soviet armoured forces during World War Two – its sloped armour changed the fundamental design of armoured vehicles later in…

Platoon Guide: T-34/85 Medium Tank

History The T-34 series, with its sloping armour, changed the principles of tank design during the war. The sloping, angular layout of the T-34 increased the effective armour thickness, and…

Platoon Guide: M4 Sherman Medium Tank

History The mainstay of the Allied armies, the Sherman was one of the most versatile tanks during the war, from the fields of Europe to the jungles of the Pacific….

Armour in Focus : The M4 Sherman – Workhorse of the Allied forces

Throughout World War II, the Allied forces leaned heavily upon armoured units to provide an unwavering backbone to their forces which – when backed by the infantry, air forces, naval…

Tank War! A Beginner’s Guide to Tank Platoon Organisation

With the September release date drawing ever closer, there’s never been a better time to don your overalls, check your throat-mic, and ready the big guns in preparation for Tank…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 5

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 4

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: Highland Tribes of the Zagros Mountains – Gutians and Lullubi

As is so often the case with the enemies of the Akkadians what we know of the fierce hill tribes of the Zagros and Taurus mountains is what the Akkadians…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 3

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: Early Desert Nomads

The fertile lands of Mesopotamia, the coastal Levant, and Egypt were surrounded and partly separated by arid semi-desert or dry steppe regions. These included the Syrian Desert and the northern…

History: The Battle of Waterloo – part 5

The Final Assault The fight for Plancenoit had taken the French attention away from Wellington’s army and bought him valuable time, during which he could reinforce his battered centre. Brunswickers,…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 2

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: The Battle of Waterloo – part 4

La Haye Sainte The cavalry had failed and the combined arms attack had come too late, but the Allies had also suffered terribly, units being decimated. Napoleon understood what must…

History: The Hittites

The early origins of the Hittites are not entirely certain, but it is likely the people we call Hittites arrived in Anatolia about 2000BC and came from Europe as part…

History: The Battle of Waterloo – part 3

Cavalry Charge and Counter-Charge Lord Uxbridge, sensing the danger, unleashed the Household and Union heavy cavalry brigades commanded by Major General Edward Somerset and Major General William Ponsonby. The finest…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 1

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: The Battle of Waterloo – part 2

Opening Moves Napoleon wanted the battle to start at 9am, but that was a pipe dream. The ground was sodden and his troops, especially the cannon, were struggling to get…

History: Battle of the Teutoburger Wald

In 9AD Publius Quinctilius Varus was the Roman governor appointed to hold sway over the tribes of Germania. This greedy individual had been busy levying excessive taxes in order to…

History: The Battle of Waterloo – part 1

The Field The battlefield of Waterloo was small by the standards of the day, being three miles long and a mile deep. Wellington had occupied an excellent position, the main…

History: Sea Peoples

The Late Bronze Age is the age of chariot warfare and of the great warrior pharaohs. When film and TV conjure images of ancient Egypt they inevitably draw upon the…

History: Napoleon Bonaparte, Emperor of the French

Napoleon was born on the 15th of August 1769 in Ajaccio, Corsica. His military career started early as he was sent to France and enrolled in the military academy at Brienne-le-Château at the age…

History: Neo-Sumerians and Successors

Following the collapse of the Akkadian Empire about 2100BC there was a period of disorder during which the country was ruled or at least dominated by the Gutians. No-one knows…

History: Sumerian & Akkadian Warfare Part 4 – Battles

Ancients wargaming expert Nigel Stillman provides a detailed account of Early Bronze age warfare. Part 4 completes Nigel’s article with a look at how battles were actually fought. HOW TO…

History: The Second & Third English Civil Wars

The Second English Civil War 1648 King Charles was imprisoned on the Isle of Wight, although he was extended the courtesy of living a comfortable life. In fact, he was…

History: SS-Sturmbataillon Charlemagne

The 33rd Waffen-SS Charlemagne (1st French) were French volunteers in the Wehrmacht and latterly the Waffen-SS during the Second World War. From estimates of 7,400 to 11,000 at its peak in 1944, the strength of the division fell to just sixty…

History: The Early Elamites

The land of Elam, or Elamais to the Greeks, lay in the highlands to the immediate east of Sumeria and the adjoining region along the coast of the Persian Gulf….

History: Sumerian & Akkadian Warfare Part 3 – Troop Types

Ancients wargaming expert Nigel Stillman provides a detailed account of Early Bronze age warfare. Part 3 examines the different troop types available to armies of the age. If you’ve not…

History: Fall of the Third Reich

By 1945 the German Army was a beaten force. It could not surrender, damned by Hitler’s orders to fight to the last man and the Allies’ demand for an unconditional surrender that the…

History: Sir Arthur Wellesley, Duke of Wellington (1769- 1852)

Born in Dublin in 1769, this remarkable man had a very unexceptional life prior to joining the British Army in 1787 as an ensign in the 73rd Highlanders. Family influence…

History: Field Marshal Prince Gebhard von Blücher (1742-1819)

Born in Rostock, Mecklenburg the son of a land-owning family, Blücher was destined for military service. In 1758, at the age of 16, he joined the Swedish Army as a…

History: Sumerian & Akkadian Warfare Part 2 – Army Organisation

Last week Ancients wargaming expert Nigel Stillman provided a detailed account of Early Bronze age warfare and focused on military development in the region. Here, in part 2, Nigel explains…

History: The First English Civil War 1642-1647

After disbanding parliament and unsuccessfully try to force a unified book of common prayer upon Scotland, King Charles I was left in a very weak position. He had to recall…

History: Major-General Robert Craufurd (1764 – 1812)

Born in 1764 into an aristocratic family, Craufurd had a privileged upbringing and education. He entered the British Army in 1779 as an Ensign in the 25th King’s Own Borderers…

History: Marshal of France Andre Massena, 1st Duc de Rivoli, 1st Prince d’Essling (1758-1817)

Born in 1758 into modest circumstances, Massena had a colourful early life. He was a cabin boy, soldier and smuggler before he joined the army for a second time in…

History: Sumerian & Akkadian Warfare Part 1 – Military Development

A renowned Ancients wargaming expert, archeologist and author, Nigel Stillman is a well respected name in our hobby and we’re delighted to have Nigel writing for us. Here Nigel provides…

History: Major-General Sir Thomas Picton (1758 – 1815)

Born in 1758 in Pembrokeshire, Wales, he joined the 12th Suffolk Regiment of Foot in 1773 as an ensign. His initial army career ended in disillusionment when the 12th were…

History: Jean Andoche Junot, 1st Duc d’Abrantes (1771 – 1813)

Junot was born in 1771 to a middle class family and he was studying law in Paris when the French Revolution began. He immediately connected with the revolutionary cause and…

Painting: English Civil War Army Uniforms

The fighting men of the English Civil War had more uniformity than their counterparts on the continent in the Thirty Years War, but such uniforms were at the discretion of…

History: The 100 Days Campaign

The campaign of the ‘Hundred Days’ was to become the thundering climax of the Napoleonic Wars. The shattering of the Grande Armèe in the snows of Russia in 1812, followed by two years…

Collecting an English Civil War Army – Where to Start?

Pike & Shotte author Steve Morgan gives some pointers on how to start collecting and painting an English Civil Wars army: Steve: Many gamers steer clear of wargaming the English…

History: The Battle of Talavera 1809

Background On October 1808 Sir John Moore took command of the Anglo-Portuguese army. He boldly led his 23,000 men into Spain, but a month later had to retreat rapidly, pursued…

History: The Old Guard Grenadiers “Les Grognards”

Søren Ralph Christensen returns to share the history of Napoleon’s Old Guard and show off his painted regiment: The Old Guard was first formed in 1804 using veterans from the…

History: The Peninsular Campaign

The Spanish Ulcer Napoleon turned to attack Britain where ‘the nation of shop keepers’ would feel it the most – trade. He believed an invasion would be possible once economic…

History: The Amorite Kingdoms

No one is exactly sure whether the Amorites were native to the whole region west of Mesopotamia, or more specifically the part that corresponds to northern Syria west of the…

History: Napoleonic French Column vs British Line

The clashes between British and French forces during the Napoleonic wars saw two rather different approaches go head-to-head – the British firing line and the French attack column… The French…

History: Napoleonic Wars Army Structure

The armies of all nations were made from a series of building blocks – divisions from two or more brigades, brigades from regiments, and regiments from battalions or cavalry squadrons. For example, the…

History: Gustavus Adolphus, the The Lion of the North

Søren Ralph Christensen has a large Pike & Shotte 30 Years War collection, and after painting up his Gustavus Adolphus model decided to write up a short history. I wanted to…

History: The Forgotten Army

1942 – Fall of Singapore After the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor and their simultaneous invasions of several islands across the Pacific, and then Malaysia the following day, the British interests in…

History: Napoleonic era British Infantry

Courtesy of Osprey Publishing   The British infantry was comprised of guards, foot, light, rifle and highland regiments. Regiments were, in theory, made up of three battalions, two fighting and one depot battalion. In…

History: Pike & Shotte Dragoons

The role of the dragoon was still being defined in the wars of the 17th century. Dragoons later went on to become heavy shock cavalry who rarely got off their expensive horses….

History: The BEF and the Fall of France

The British Expeditionary Force (BEF) was a small and confident professional force. Its leaders prepared for a war that was expected to pretty much follow the pattern of World War I with troops…

History: Alligator Creek, Guadalcanal 1942

The battle for Alligator Creek is officially known as the Battle of the Tenaru. 6,000 troops from the Japanese 28th Infantry Regiment, the Yokosuka Special Naval Landing Force, and 35th…

History: Battle for Iwo Jima 1945

Battle for Iwo Jima (19th February to 26th March 1945) During their ‘island hopping’ campaign, the US Marines were tasked to take the heavily fortified island of Iwo Jima, in…

History: The United States Marine Corps

Motto: Semper Fidelis Image courtesy of Osprey Publishing   The USMC was first created on the 10th of November 1775, during the American War of Independence (best known in the…

History: Bronze Age Sumerians and Akkadians

Sumerians and the World’s First Empires There is good reason to believe that organised warfare has its origins in the land of Mesopotamia amongst the city-states of Sumer that flourished…

History: The Pacific Theatre

A brief history of the Pacific theatre in World War II In late 1941 the war between Japan and China, began in 1937, was drawing to a bloody stalemate. The…

Anglo-Zulu War: Historical British Regiments part 2

The Warlord Games studio has been painting up some of the different British regiments that fought in the invasion of Zululand in 1879. Last week we showed off the 60th…

Anglo-Zulu War: Historical British Regiments

The 2nd Invasion of Zululand was not just fought by the iconic British redcoats – many British regiments took part in the conflict, decked out in a variety of uniforms….

Spotlight: German Army Grenadier 1944-45 book!

The complete and definitive reference works on the uniforms, equipment, weapons and insignia of the German Armed Forces (Wehrmacht) in the latter years of World War II. This particular book…

French & Indian War: Alternative Quebec

In this comprehensive article, The Last Argument of Kings author Pete Brown examines the Battle of Quebec and suggests ways to make the battle more interesting to refight as a wargame,…

Wargaming With The Rocky Mountain Tribes 1780-1840

We’re delighted to have another article from Tim Greene – this time focusing on his love of wargaming with specific tribes and how you can do the same using the…

Tribes of the North Eastern Woodlands part 3

In the final part of his series about the native Indians of North America, Tim Greene concludes the series with a look at those tribes living in the South-east. Part…

Tribes of the North Eastern Woodlands part 2

Following his recent look at the Indian peoples inhabiting the Ohio Valley, Tim Greene examines the Woodland Indians whose territory is around the Great Lakes. Part Two: The Great Lakes…

Roman Veterans by Phil Hendry

by Dr. Phil Hendry (with assistance from Rick Priestley) This article is designed to help wargamers make good use of the ‘Imperial Roman Veterans’ set from Warlord Games. It goes…

Tribes of the North Eastern Woodlands – part one

Covering the Ohio Valley, this is the first three articles by Tim Greene exploring the various native Indian tribes in the Americas. Part One: The Ohio Valley By Tim Greene…

Historical Accuracy in Wargaming

One Man’s Ox-Goad is Another Man’s Ink-Pen Dr Phil Hendry ponders historical accuracy and whether it’s as clear as some might think… This article is intended to reassure those who…

Roman Auxiliaries – not second rate troops

This article, by Dr Phil Hendry, aims to dispel the myth that the Roman war machine was all about the much-lauded Legionary and that Auxiliary units were bit part players….

Russian Army Uniforms 1807-1815

By Vince Rospond The Russian army of the Middle and Late Napoleonic period (1808 – 1815) was based on a dark green jacket with white trousers.  The exact nature of…

Uniforms of the Landwehr

Adding to his excellent article on the Uniforms of the Polish army in the early stages of WWII, Vince Rospond has turned his attention to matters Napoleonic. Have a look…

WWII Polish Uniform Guide – updated!

We were recently sent this spiffing guide to the uniforms and insignia of the Polish army during the early stages of WWII. If you’re interested in how to best paint…

Vindolanda Strength Return

(And what it might mean for wargamers) by Dr. Phil Hendry The aim of this article is to show that you don’t need to paint hundreds of figures to play…

Witchcraft In Wargames

by Bob Black So, you have prepared your army list for Germany in the late 15th century. Now is the time to pick your Champions and to add the final…

Understanding Roman Standards!

by Dr. Phil Hendry This article is designed to help wargamers understand the many different types of standard and standard-bearer in the Roman army from the time of Augustus until…

History: Pike & Shotte Dragoons

A brief discourse on the nature of Dragoons in the Pike & Shotte period by John Stallard. The Dragoon seems to have acquired his name from his principle weapon –…