Uniforms & History

History: Early Desert Nomads

The fertile lands of Mesopotamia, the coastal Levant, and Egypt were surrounded and partly separated by arid semi-desert or dry steppe regions. These included the Syrian Desert and the northern…

Introduction: New Kingdom Egyptian

The New Egyptian Kingdom began with the ejection from Egypt of the Hyksos or Amorite conquerors of the 2nd Intermediate period and was establised by Ahmose I in c.1570 BCE….

Introduction: Syrian & Canaanite

Canaan and Syria in the Late Bronze Age consisted of numerous small city-states such as Megiddo, Kadesh and Ugarit, who were vassals or allies of the surrounding greater powers such…

Introduction: Hyksos

Hyksos is a term used to describe the people who overran Egypt and established a dynasty at the end of the Middle Bronze Age. They came from the east to…

Introduction: Middle Kingdom Assyrian

This army covers the Middle Assyrian period of the Late Bronze Age only. It should not be confused with the Early Neo-Assyrian Army which is often twinned with Middle Assyrian…

Introduction: Kassite & Middle Babylonian

The Kassites were originally Highlanders from the Zagros Mountains who overran Babylonia after the Hittite destruction of Babylon at the end of the Middle Bronze Age in 1595 BCE. They…

Introduction: Mitanni

These are the armies of the Late Bronze Age Hurrian speaking State of Mitanni, (also known as Hanigalbat by the Assyrians and Nahrin by the Egyptians), which came to prominence…

Introduction: Old & Middle Kingdom Egyptians

The legendary first Pharaoh of Egypt was Menes or Narmer who unified Upper and Lower Egypt and founded the 1st Dynasty in the early 3rd millennium BCE. The Old Kingdom…

Introduction: Amorite Kingdoms

The Amorite or Martu nomadic tribes from Syria and Arabian desert had been raiding and infiltrating the Kingdoms of Mesopotamia since the end of the Early Bronze Age. The Code…

Introduction: The Sea Peoples

The Sea Peoples, so named by a French Egyptologist at the end of the 19th century, are just one of many armies catered for within the Hail Caesar Range. Sherden…

Introduction: Early Elamite

Cutting Edge Miniatures’ Peter Womack brings us another look at the Bronze Age range – this time focusing on the Early Elamites and how to build an army for this…

Introduction: Neo-Sumerian & Successor States

The 3rd Dynasty of Ur was founded by Ur-Nammu, after he defeated Utu-hegal of Uruk, who had previously expelled the Gutians from southern Mesopotamia. Under his successor, Shulgi, the lands…

Introduction: Akkadian Empire

The Akkadian Empire was founded by Sargon the Great of Akkad in c. 2334 BCE and lasted little over a century. The original city-state of Akkad was located somewhere in…

Introduction: Hittite Empire

Having partnered with Cutting Edge Miniatures back in 2013, our Hail Caesar range has seen a huge expansion over the past few years – and we’re still releasing more Cutting…

Profile: Marcus Aurelius

Marcus Aurelius ruled the Empire along with Lucius Verus, from 161 AD to 180 AD. A great philosopher who studied relentlessly in his youth, Marcus would become one of the…

Spotlight: Imperial Roman Praetorian Guard

Originally formed by the Emperor Augustus, this elite cadre of soldiers would become the true power of Rome, ruling from behind the scenes. They were responsible for killing off Emperors…

Spotlight: Imperial Roman Legionaries

As the Roman Empire set about conquering all corners of the globe, its fighting forces were underpinned by rank upon rank of Legionaries – the backbone of the Roman Legions –…

Spotlight: Imperial Roman Auxiliaries

The auxiliary of the Roman army came about in the earlier days of the Republic. Rome’s enemies made heavy use of foreign fighters. Many of Rome’s enemies, including Hannibal of…

Showcase: Roman War Machines

Alongside the massed legions of Rome, these devastating war machines sought not to just provide covering fire for the legionaries but also to destroy the enemy from afar. These weapons…

History: Bronze Age Mitanni

Most people will know at least something of the ancient Egyptians: will have heard of the pyramids at least, and will probably recognise the name of Tutankhamun. Thanks to the…

History: Egyptian Chariots

Introduction Chariots developed out of earlier vehicles mounted on disk or cross-bar wheels, with the origin traced to the Near East, where spoke-wheeled and horse-drawn ‘true’ chariots are first estimated…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 5

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman concludes his series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at the hands…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 4

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman continues his series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at the hands…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 3

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman continues his series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at the hands…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 2 – AMORITE ARMIES

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman continues his series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at the hands…

History: BATTLES OF HAMMURABI part 1 – The Rise of Babylon

Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman returns with a new series of articles on King Hammurabi of Babylon, his wars against neighbouring city-states including the Elamites and his final defeat at…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 5

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 4

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: Highland Tribes of the Zagros Mountains – Gutians and Lullubi

As is so often the case with the enemies of the Akkadians what we know of the fierce hill tribes of the Zagros and Taurus mountains is what the Akkadians…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 3

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 2

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: The Hittites

The early origins of the Hittites are not entirely certain, but it is likely the people we call Hittites arrived in Anatolia about 2000BC and came from Europe as part…

History: The Battle of Kadesh part 1

In this series of articles, Bronze Age expert Nigel Stillman discusses the Battle of Kadesh and the period of war and battle between the Hittites and Egyptians that led to…

History: Battle of the Teutoburger Wald

In 9AD Publius Quinctilius Varus was the Roman governor appointed to hold sway over the tribes of Germania. This greedy individual had been busy levying excessive taxes in order to…

History: Sea Peoples

The Late Bronze Age is the age of chariot warfare and of the great warrior pharaohs. When film and TV conjure images of ancient Egypt they inevitably draw upon the…

History: Neo-Sumerians and Successors

Following the collapse of the Akkadian Empire about 2100BC there was a period of disorder during which the country was ruled or at least dominated by the Gutians. No-one knows…

History: Sumerian & Akkadian Warfare Part 4 – Battles

Ancients wargaming expert Nigel Stillman provides a detailed account of Early Bronze age warfare. Part 4 completes Nigel’s article with a look at how battles were actually fought. HOW TO…

History: The Early Elamites

The land of Elam, or Elamais to the Greeks, lay in the highlands to the immediate east of Sumeria and the adjoining region along the coast of the Persian Gulf….

History: Sumerian & Akkadian Warfare Part 2 – Army Organisation

Last week Ancients wargaming expert Nigel Stillman provided a detailed account of Early Bronze age warfare and focused on military development in the region. Here, in part 2, Nigel explains…

History: Sumerian & Akkadian Warfare Part 1 – Military Development

A renowned Ancients wargaming expert, archeologist and author, Nigel Stillman is a well respected name in our hobby and we’re delighted to have Nigel writing for us. Here Nigel provides…

History: The Amorite Kingdoms

No one is exactly sure whether the Amorites were native to the whole region west of Mesopotamia, or more specifically the part that corresponds to northern Syria west of the…

History: Bronze Age Sumerians and Akkadians

Sumerians and the World’s First Empires There is good reason to believe that organised warfare has its origins in the land of Mesopotamia amongst the city-states of Sumer that flourished…

Roman Veterans by Phil Hendry

by Dr. Phil Hendry (with assistance from Rick Priestley) This article is designed to help wargamers make good use of the ‘Imperial Roman Veterans’ set from Warlord Games. It goes…

Historical Accuracy in Wargaming

One Man’s Ox-Goad is Another Man’s Ink-Pen Dr Phil Hendry ponders historical accuracy and whether it’s as clear as some might think… This article is intended to reassure those who…

Roman Auxiliaries – not second rate troops

This article, by Dr Phil Hendry, aims to dispel the myth that the Roman war machine was all about the much-lauded Legionary and that Auxiliary units were bit part players….

Vindolanda Strength Return

(And what it might mean for wargamers) by Dr. Phil Hendry The aim of this article is to show that you don’t need to paint hundreds of figures to play…

Understanding Roman Standards!

by Dr. Phil Hendry This article is designed to help wargamers understand the many different types of standard and standard-bearer in the Roman army from the time of Augustus until…